Meet the FABLE Indonesia team
The team is led by the Research Center for Climate Change, University of Indonesia (RCCC-UI) and the Centre for Climate Risk and Opportunity Management, Bogor Agricultural University (CCROM).
Centre for Climate Risk and Opportunity Management, Bogor Agricultural University (CCROM)
Transforming food and land-use systems in Indonesia
Indonesia is home to the second-highest level of biodiversity worldwide, with over 50% of its land covered by forests and 42% for cropland, followed by grassland at 4%. Its agricultural sector is diverse, encompassing both large plantations and small-scale farmers, with export commodities such as oil palm and rubber dominating the plantation areas, while rice, maize, and cassava are staple crops.
However, low productivity issues for staple goods have raised concerns for Indonesia's food security. Indonesia’s agricultural policy aims to increase agricultural productivity (non-oil palm commodities) by 4% annually and reduce the demand for land by increasing crop productivity and cropping intensity. The low agricultural productivity is due to a large number of smallholder farmers (“petani gurem”) with less than 0.5 hectares of land, leading to agricultural land conversion to non-agricultural land.
Deforestation and conversion of forests into agricultural land have contributed to greenhouse gas emissions and resulted in a loss of critical biodiversity. The practice of slash and burn by smallholder farmers in forest areas is also a major cause of forest loss and land degradation. Sustainable land-use practices and protection of critical biodiversity could be achieved by implementing policies such as encouraging agroforestry, improved land-use planning, and supporting smallholder farmers with better access to technology and training.
Key national objectives and targets