Meet the FABLE Greece team

The team is led by the Alliance of Excellence for Research and Innovation on Αephoria (AE4RIA) Network. The team’s main areas of interest include sustainable development pathways, transformation of the agri-food sector and biodiversity loss.

Models used by the team: FABLE Calculator.

Contact focal point

Transforming food and land-use systems in Greece

The Greek agricultural sector employs approximately 400,000 people, accounting for 10% of total employment across all sectors. Nearly a third of the Greek population resides in rural areas, which exceeds the EU average. The vast majority of the country's approximately 700,000 farms are relatively small, with the average farm size being 7 hectares, and more than 70% consist of less than 5 hectares.

However, the sector faces significant challenges, including low levels of agricultural education and digital skills among farmers, an aging farming population, small farm sizes, and a low level of cooperation. Moreover, there is poor adoption of technological innovations and digital solutions.

Greece also confronts significant challenges in the circular economy domain, with waste-to-landfill rates surpassing EU averages. The cyclical use of products, while increasing from 2.4% of all materials in 2016 to 5.4% in 2020, still lags behind the EU average of 12.4%. These figures underscore the urgent need to implement national commitments in everyday practices.

Notable challenges persist in the area of Biodiversity, despite the existence of the National Strategic Plan on Biodiversity established in 2014, which provides an ambitious roadmap. Marked delays exist in achieving biodiversity targets, especially in the case of preserving and managing protected (NATURA) areas. Between 2010 and 2022, Greece lost 9.79kha of natural forest area, covering more than 25% of the total land.

Moreover, only 3% of the population reported low or very low food security in 2022, placing Greece at the high end of the Global Food Security Index distribution. However, the recent cost of living crisis (2022-23) has adversely impacted the affordability of food items for a non-negligible share of the population. Policy initiatives have helped mitigate the effect, but it remains a matter of concern for the years ahead.

Key national objectives and targets


Recent activities